Questions 1-11 are based on the following passage.Prehistoric Printing
Paleontologists are using modern technology to gain a greater understanding of the distant past. With the aid of computed tomography (CT) scanning and 3-D printing, researchers are able to create accurate models of prehistoric fossils. 1
These models have expandedre searchers’ knowledge of ancient species and 2swear
to advance the field of paleontology in the years to come.
CT scanners use X-rays to map the surface of a fossil in minute detail, recording as many as one million data points to create a digital blueprint. A 3-D printer then builds a polymer model based on this blueprint, much as a regular computer printer reproduces digital documents on paper. 3 Whereas the head of an ordinary computer printer moves back and forth while printing ink onto paper, the corresponding part of a 3-D printer moves in multiple dimensions while squirting out thin layers of elted polymer plastic.
The plastic hardens quickly, 4 it
allows the printer to build the layers of the final model. Compared with older ways of modeling fossils, scanning and printing in this way is extremely versatile. 
One significant benefit of 3-D printing technology is its ability to create scale reproductions of fossils. 
But now 3-D scale models can be rearrangedwith ease, which is a huge boon to scientists. 
A team led by Drexel University professor Kenneth Lacovara is making models of dinosaur bones one-tenth the bones’original sizes 5 in order to learn
how they fit together when the animals were alive. 
In the past, such research was limited by the weight and bulk of the fossils as well as 6 its
preciousness and fragility. 
In many cases, scientists had to rearrange bones virtually, using artists’ renderings. 7
Because CT scanners can map objects that are impossible to excavate, CT scanning and 3-D printing can also be used to reproduce fossils that scientists cannot observe firsthand. 8 By contrast
, researchers from the National Museum of Brazil 9
has relied on this technique to study a fossilized skeleton that was discovered protruding from a rock at an old Sao Paulorailroad site. 10 The fossil was too delicate to beremoved from the rock. Because of the fossil’s delicate nature, the team dug up a block of stone around the fossil and brought it to their lab.
With the aid of a CT scanner and a 3-D printer, they were able to produce a resin model of the fossil. Examining the model, the researchers determined that 11 one
had found a new species, a 75-million-year-old crocodile. While not every discovery will be as dramatic as this one, paleontologists anticipate further expanding their knowledge of ancient life-forms as CT scanning and 3-D printing continue to make fossils more accessible.