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Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 10 Exams

About Exam

CBSE Class 10 board exam is one of the first milestones in students life because this phase of life shapes the future of the students for their next successive years. CBSE board 10th class result acts as the foremost parameter in deciding whether the students will be able to get a preferred stream in 11th Class. Class 10th standard acts as an indicator of a student’s academic performance.

The Secondary School Curriculum acknowledges the fact that subjects like language, Mathematics, Science and social science help the cognitive development of the child and, therefore, require a greater academic emphasis.

Further, CBSE also envisions the all-round development of students in consonance with the holistic approach to education and therefore, emphasizes integration of co-curricular domains with curricular activities in an equitable manner.

The Areas of learning at the Secondary level are as  under:

Social Science
Other Academic Elective Subjects
Skill Subjects
Scholastic Areas
Health and Physical Education
Work Experience(subsumed in Health and Physical)
Art Education
Co-scholastic Areas

Exam Pattern

Scholastic Areas

The curriculum envisages individualized learning acumen and seeks to explore the potential of students in acquiring substantial acknowledge and skills through academic rigors. With greater academic orientation and research skills in core academic areas, students would evolve as judicious young adults with a sense of real self-estimate having true values and principles.
The scholastic areas are as follows:
  1. Languages include Hindi, English and other 36 languages. The curricula in languages focus on listening, speaking, reading and writing skills and, hence, develop effective communicative proficiencies. Learners use language to comprehend, acquire and communicate ideas in an effective manner.
  2. Social Science (Geography, History, Economics and Political Science) intends to make learners understand their cultural, geographical and historical milieus and gain in-depth knowledge, attitude, skills and values necessary to bring about transformation for a better world. Social Science includes the learning of history and culture, geographical environment, global institutions, constitutional values and norms, politics, economy, interpersonal and societal interactions, civic responsibilities and the incorporation of the above-mentioned learning. Learners appreciate and value everyone’s right to feel respected and safe, and, also understand their Fundamental Rights and Duties and behave responsibly in the society.
  3. Science (Biology, Chemistry and Physics) includes gaining knowledge about Food, Materials, The World of The Living, How Things Work, Moving Things, People and Ideas, Natural Phenomenon and Natural Resources. The focus is on knowledge and skills to develop a scientific attitude and to use and apply such knowledge for improving the quality of life. This learning can be used to analyze, evaluate, synthesize and create. Learners understand and appreciate the physical, biological and technological world and acquire the knowledge and develop attitude, skills and values to make rational decisions in relation to it.
  4. Mathematics includes acquiring the concepts related to number sense, operation sense, computation, measurement, geometry, probability and statistics, the skill to calculate and organize, and the ability to apply this knowledge and acquired skills in their daily life. It also includes understanding of the principles of reasoning and problem solving. Children learn to rationalize and reason about pre-defined arrangements, norms and relationships in order to comprehend, decode, validate and develop relevant patterns.

Co- Scholastic Areas

Only a healthy child can learn effectively and good health leads to better learning. Many activities are necessary for development of the affective and psychomotor domain. The activities like games and sport, art and music, craft work etc. are termed as co-scholastic activities. The term co-scholastic activities is used for both cognitive and non-cognitive development that can take place by exposing the child to the scholastic and nonscholastic subjects
Subjects to be offered:
Class IX and X is an integrated course. Students need to take only those subjects in class IX which they intend to continue in Class-X .The subjects can be selected as per scheme studies in class IX. They need to continue same subjects in class X also. Subjects can be offered as under:



Names of the subjects




Subject 1 


Language I (Hindi Course A or Hindi Course B or English Language & Literature)  


Subject 2  


Language II (Any one from the Group of Languages (Group-L) other than Language chosen at Subject 1  


Subject 3  



(Student has the option of selecting Standard or

Basic Mathematics at AISSE (X Board examination) Syllabus shall remains the same.

Refer Mathematics syllabus for details.

Group- A1 


Subject 4  


Subject 5 

Social Science


Subject 6 

Skill subject* from the group of Skill subjects 


Subject 7

Language III /Any Academic subject other than opted above  






Subject      8

and 9  Assessment and


at       school


Art Education 

Health & Physical Education 

 Work Experience* 






The Assessment scheme will have an 80 marks component for Board examination (class X) and Annual Examination (class IX) in all scholastic subjects along with a 20 marks component of Internal Assessment. Students have to secure 33 percent in total in each of these components

For Class X:

The Board Examination of three hour duration for 80 marks in each subject will cover entire syllabus of Class-X. Marks and grades on the basis of 9-point grading system. Grades will be awarded in each scholastic subject. Forwarding the grades ,the Board will put all the passed students in a rank order and will award the grades as follows

A-1Top 1/8th of the passed candidates
A-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
B-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
C-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-1Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
D-2Next 1/8th of the passed candidates
EFailed candidates


a) Minor variations in proportion of candidates to adjust ties will be made.

b) In case of a tie, all the students getting the same score, will get the same grade. If the number of students at a score point need to be divided into two segments, the smaller segment will go with the larger.

c) Method of grading will be used in subjects where the number of candidates who have passed is more than 500.

d) In respect of subjects where total number of candidates passing a subject is less than 500, the grading would be adopted on the pattern of grading and distribution in other similar subjects

Preparation Tips

The Class 10 Board Examination lays the foundation for your future career and plays a significant role in shaping your career path. Therefore, it is important to concentrate and study hard to score well in this career-determining exam to get admitted to the college you desire and land in your dream job.

Though you know the syllabus and have revised the chapters many times, you might not feel optimistic and this is the case with most of the students who appear for the class 10 board exams.

So, it is advised to all tenth graders to make some time and to analyze the root cause for this negative feeling and get rid of it before you sit for the board exam. Here are some reasons that were shared by students why they lose their confidence even when they were prepared well for exams: 

  • When there is a discussion about questions with your peers and you are not convinced with their answer 
  • When you feel that you can solve the problem but you are unable to do it
  • When there is a discussion in the class on a topic which you know very well and you come to know that there are much more points to add to it

These are just a few basic problems which students face and lose their confidence gradually on the eve of the exam. But, the actual problem is that though they have acquired the knowledge they miss out the utilization of the acquired knowledge to their benefit and this may be due to the lack of in-depth understanding of the concept.